Points - Recent Research
  Herbal Medicines (Danggui Liuhuang Decoctions) for Management of Menopausal Symptoms
  Electroacupuncture Alleviates Polycystic Ovary Syndrome-Like Symptoms Through Improving Insulin Resistance, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, And Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Via Enhancing Autophagy In Rats
  Efficacy and Safety of Xueshuantong Injection on Acute Cerebral Infarction

Herbal Medicines (Danggui Liuhuang Decoctions) for Management of Menopausal Symptoms

Ji Hee Jun, et al.

Abstract
Danggui Liuhuang (DLH) decoctions are traditional herbal medicines that are widely used for menopausal symptoms. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate evidence of the efficacy of DLH decoctions for menopausal symptoms. Fifteen databases were searched from inception until 29 May, 2020. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing any type of DLH decoction. All RCTs investigating DLH decoctions or modified DLH decoctions were included. The methodological quality of the RCTs was evaluated using Cochrane’s risk of bias assessment tool. We measured the certainty of evidence (CoE) according to the GRADE approach. A total of five RCTs met all of the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. The included RCTs had unclear risks of bias in most domains. Based on studies using the Kupperman index for the measurement of menopausal symptoms, DLH decoctions may have ameliorative effects on menopausal symptoms equivalent to those of conventional drug therapies, but we are very uncertain (MD 3.03, 95% CI −3.17 to 9.25, two studies, very low CoE). Compared with conventional drug therapies, DLH decoctions may reduce hot flashes (MD 0.17, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.06, three studies, low CoE). The difference in the response rate between treatments is very uncertain (risk ratio 1.1, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.25, three studies, very low CoE); the results may indicate that compared with drug therapy, DLH decoction therapy elicits responses in 84 more cases per 1000 cases. In conclusion, there is limited evidence that DLH decoctions improve menopausal symptoms equivalently compared with conventional drug therapies. However, the studies had unclear risks of bias, and the CoEs were very low in general. Additional large and rigorous studies are needed.

J Clin Med. 2020 Jun; 9(6): 1778. Published online 2020 Jun 8. doi: 10.3390/jcm9061778

Source: PubMed

[TOP]


Electroacupuncture Alleviates Polycystic Ovary Syndrome-Like Symptoms Through Improving Insulin Resistance, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, And Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Via Enhancing Autophagy In Rats

Yan Peng, et al.

Background
Electroacupuncture (EA), a treatment derived from traditional Chinese medicine, can effectively improve hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), however, its underlying mechanisms remain obscure. This study aimed to investigate whether EA could mitigate PCOS-like symptoms in rats by regulating autophagy.
Methods
A rat model of PCOS-like symptoms was established by subcutaneous injection with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and then EA treatment at acupoints (ST29 and SP6) was carried out for 5 weeks. To inhibit autophagy in rats, intraperitoneal injection with 0.5 mg/kg 3-MA (an autophagy inhibitor) was performed at 30 min before each EA treatment.
Results
EA intervention alleviated PCOS-like symptoms in rats, which was partly counteracted by the combination with 3-MA. Moreover, DHEA-exposure-induced deficient autophagy in skeletal muscle was improved by EA treatment. EA-mediated improvements in insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in PCOS-like rats were counteracted by 3-MA pretreatment. Mechanically, EA attenuated autophagy deficiency-mediated insulin resistance in PCOS-like rats via inactivating mTOR/4E-BP1 signaling pathway.
Conclusions
Taken together, our findings indicate that EA treatment ameliorates insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ER stress through enhancing autophagy in a PCOS-like rat model. Our study provides novel insight into the mechanisms underlying the treatment of EA in PCOS, which offers more theoretic foundation for its clinical application.

Mol Med. 2020; 26: 73. Published online 2020 Jul 22. doi: 10.1186/s10020-020-00198-8

Source: PubMed

[TOP]

Efficacy and Safety of Xueshuantong Injection on Acute Cerebral Infarction: Clinical Evidence and GRADE Assessment

Jian Lyu, et al.

Xueshuantong injection (XST), a Chinese Medicine, is clinically effective in treating acute cerebral infarction (ACI). However, the meta-analysis of XST combined with conventional treatments (CTs) on ACI remain unexplored. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of XST combined with CTs on patients with ACI.
Methods
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were screened from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and four Chinese medical databases. The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 and STATA 16.0. The GRADE assessment was performed by the GRADEprofiler (GRADEpro version: 3.6). The aggregate 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and relative risk (RR) estimates were calculated.
Results
Forty studies were included, involving a total of 3,868 patients. XST combined with CTs performed significantly better than CTs alone on the overall response rate (ORR) after treatment (RR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.17−1.25, P < 0.001). There was no statistical differences in the incidence of adverse reactions between the experimental group (XST plus CTs) and control group (CTs alone). Groups treated with XST substantially decreased the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score compared to the groups without XST (WMD = −5.31, 95% CI = −6.40 to −4.22, P < 0.001). Activities of daily living (ADL) scores were significantly better in the group treated with XST than CTs alone (WMD = 12.51, 95% CI = 5.6−19.38, P < 0.001). Patients who received XST combined with CTs showed significantly higher improvements in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (WMD = −2.47, 95% CI = −3.11 to −1.82, P < 0.001) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) (WMD = −13.66, 95% CI = −17.80 to −9.51, P < 0.001) than those who received CTs alone. The GRADE assessment indicates that the comprehensive quality of this evidence is low.
Conclusions
This meta-analysis and GRADE assessment conditionally recommend that XST combined with CTs can increase the overall response rate, ameliorate neurological deficit, and improve activities of daily living function more than CTs alone. A significant reduction in the hs-CRP and IL-6 levels were observed when XST was combined with CTs.

Front Pharmacol. 2020; 11: 822. Published online 2020 Jul 2. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2020.00822

Source: PubMed

[TOP]



Featured Products

Chinese Herbs

TCM Books




TOW Store
This Month's Articles

August 2020

Volume 18, Number 8

Points of Interest

Acupuncture Point Location Center
Needle

Clinical Doctoral Program

Today's TCM Tip

For inflammation, add LI4 and LI11

Keep Informed

Sign Up for Our
FREE e-Newsletter

All Contents Copyright © 1996-2015 Cyber Legend Ltd. All rights reserved. Use of this website is subject to our Terms and Conditions. All logos, service marks and trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Legal Disclaimer Notice: The information provided on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician or other health care professional or any information contained on or in any product label or packaging. You should not use the information on this site for diagnosis or treatment of any health problem or for prescription of any medication or other treatment. You should consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking any medication, or if you have or suspect you might have a health problem. You should not stop taking any medication without first consulting your physician.